In DeKalb County, justice is rendered by a judicial system which includes:
- Juvenile Court, which holds youthful offenders accountable for their actions through probation supervision and secure detention, as well as seeks to protect the young victims of crimes.
- Magistrate Court, a court of limited jurisdiction which hears civil claims involving disputes of $15,000 and less, and cases of dispossessories, garnishments, foreclosures, county ordinance violations and check fraud. Additionally the court issues criminal arrest warrants.
- Probate Court, which oversees the administration of the estates of deceased county residents; appoints guardians for both adults and children; issues marriage and firearms licenses.
- State Court, which has jurisdiction within the territorial limits of DeKalb County and is comprised of the Jury and Traffic divisions and DUI Court.
- Superior Court, which handles civil and criminal law actions, as well as cases involving misdemeanors, contract disputes, premises liability, divorce, title to land, and felonies involving jury trials.
- Clerk of Superior Court who oversees the clerical portion of the court's business, keeps the court's records, maintains all land records, and collects intangible and transfer taxes.